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Every trader has his or her own set of technical indicators that he or she uses to analyze the market and decide on the direction of a given asset’s momentum. In this post we will discuss 20 technical indicators that can be used by traders to help them with their trading.

What are technical indicators and why are they important for traders?

Technical indicators are used for different trading strategies, but most of the time, technical indicators are used to determine the direction of price action.

Techniques for trading technical indicators exist in many different forms and there are many different ways of using them. Below we will discuss some important ones. We will also give you some basis of explanation on how they work and what they can be used for (we will also discuss their relative importance and how they can be misused).

What are the technical indicators that can be used by traders?

Every trader has their own set of technical indicators that they use to analyze the market and decide on the direction of a given asset’s momentum. In this post we will discuss technical indicators that can be used by traders to help them with their trading.

There are six basic types of signals that we will cover: price action, MACD (moving average convergence divergence), stochastic oscillators, Bollinger bands, Fibonacci retracement levels and moving averages. We will discuss each in turn.

Price action: This type of signal is where price takes on some characteristic in relation to time, such as a “scarcity” level, a top, a bottom or a low. It is used extensively in behavioral finance and comes from the stock market. It is also used to determine whether an asset is at its oversold or overbought level and is an important indicator for short-term traders who want to profit from short-term price movements or currency strength.

MACD (Moving Average Convergence Divergence): MACD (Moving Average Convergence Divergence) is one of the most commonly used technical indicators for making trading decisions because it provides information about whether or not a particular asset is going up or down over time (i.e., “converging”) and thus it’s useful for long-term trader that wants to exploit short-term price movements and make profits during volatile market conditions. MACD helps traders identify strong bullish impulses in the market by showing how quickly price moves up and down after each buy or sell signal is received (“crossing”).

Stochastic Oscillator: This indicator provides investors with information about how much volatility there currently is in the markets by displaying how far prices move toward their mean value (the average). Stochastic oscillators are widely used because they are simple to understand.

How can traders use technical indicators to their advantage?

Currency is a tradeable asset, and there are many ways to buy and sell it. The most commonly used way is to use a broker that can trade over the counter (OTC) or over the phone. Many of these brokers have systemically important positions in some currency pairs, and they may (or may not) be members of the NYSE. It’s important that you make sure your broker is registered with the exchanges they deal with, and that they have registered with the SEC.

If you’re looking for a particular currency pair on your broker, you can use their search function to look up a specific spot price. This will help you find any other players in this currency pair (e.g., FXCM), as well as any news about it, such as its recent rate hike or drop.

It doesn’t matter if you’re looking for a single spot price or for all spot prices for that currency pair; one thing you should always do is check the bid/ask spread before buying and selling any currency pair. Also, check to see if there are any hedgers in your position (a hedge is someone who buys and sells an asset with another so they both reduce their exposure).

Below we have discussed 20 technical indicators that can be used by a trader. The goal of every short-term trader is to determine the direction of a given asset’s momentum and to attempt to profit from it. To be able to understand price action, you first need to learn basic trade signals and use them effectively.

Traders use various technical tools such as moving averages, candlesticks, volume, distance from recent highs/lows, oscillators, trend lines, currency strength meter, etc., to identify patterns in price action that can be exploited for profit or loss.

What are some common mistakes that traders make when using technical indicators?

There are two common mistakes that traders make when using technical indicators:

  • They misunderstand what an indicator is and how it works
  • They ignore the dynamics of price action and don’t pay attention to price changes

Let’s look at these two problems in detail.

What is an indicator? An indicator is just a tool that allows you to estimate the direction of a trend or, more usually, its length. Traders use them for several reasons, including to identify bottoms and tops and to determine the strength of a trend (such as whether it is long-term or short-term). By themselves, indicators aren’t particularly useful predictors of future price action; they are merely tools for helping you decide what type of entry or exit point to take when trying to profit from price moves. The purpose here is simply to give you some idea of what indicators look like.

However, there are a couple of things you should be aware of:

  1. Using indicators can increase risk If you’re not careful, using technical indicators can actually increase your risk levels by making your trades more volatile because your trading decisions are based on averages rather than on individual observations. In other words: don’t use them too much!
  2. Indicators don’t work perfectly Indicators work best when their errors are small (usually less than 0.5%). This means that they can be used in markets with relatively large range shifts (such as the stock market). In markets with small range shifts and/or large volatility gaps between prices, however, certain indicators may fail completely (as we saw with “Black Scholes” analysis). Bear in mind that most indicators fail in markets with extreme swings like this one!  When trading with technical indicators, it’s important to know exactly what they do so that you can take proper account of the trade setups you expect before making any trades. Ideally, this is something we will get into next time , but if not, just go back over our post on Technical Indicators . Get familiar with them now before getting into some trades.  * As far as assessing the strength of a trend itself , many traders will use technical analysis (TA) methods such as moving averages & MACD . While many TA methods incorporate error bars or other measures which may help differentiate between long-term trends from short-term trends (such as oscillators) , others do nothing at all.How can traders avoid making these mistakes?

Once again, we are dealing with a technical indicator. Now I don’t mean indicators that you can use to calculate buy or sell prices: there are plenty of those. I mean indicators that give you some idea of the direction of price action over time, whether it is up or down. For example, Delta (which is the technical indicator on this page) tells you when the price action has broken above or below its longer-term trend. The way it works is by taking all of the previous waves’ returns and comparing them to the next wave’s returns — which mostly occur around 0% moving averages (the longer term trend line). If the current wave’s returns are less than the last one’s then it will be above its trend line, thus indicating a bullish trend. If they are more, then it shows a bearish sign.

A simple way to think about this is usually in terms of buy and sell signals: A low signal means that price has broken below its trend line; A medium signal means that price has broken above its trend line; and A high signal means that the trend line has been broken for two or more consecutive waves. The main difference between these different signals is their strength: some will be stronger than others.

The downside to using these indicators (as opposed to technical analysis as a whole) is that they require you to compare past performance — which may not reflect current market conditions without some sort of interpretation — and therefore make decisions based on your experience, emotions and intuition rather than hard data analysis.


Traders use technical indicators to help them make better decisions. They are not perfect, but they can be a useful tool for traders and investors. Technical indicators can be applied to any asset class if it is demonstrated that the trend has been preceded by a strong upward trend. Because technical indicators are used for trend following, it is important to know how to trade with technical indicators. For example: technical indicators can be used to determine whether the price of an asset will move up or down in the future (or if it is going down or up).

First, you need to understand the body of technical analysis that deals with trending and moving averages (MA’s), which we have discussed in previous posts. These are two different types of momentum analysis that help traders determine which way the trend is heading so they can profit from that direction.

Subtopic: The Trading Cycle Chart below shows 10 consecutive trading cycles for an asset that goes through three stages: uptrend stage, downtrend stage and consolidation stage. The first chart shows a positive price action in each stage of an uptrend while the second chart shows a positive price action in each stage of an downtrend.

Once you have mastered these charts, you will be able to use them effectively when trading forex or other assets such as stocks and commodities. For example:  trading up with a positive price action (exchange rate target) while trading down with a negative price action (central bank interest rate rises) may give rise to both buying pressure and selling pressure and thus provide your trading strategy with some extra information about what is going on in the market.

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